Friday, May 29, 2009

Who Should Trade a Mini Forex Trading Account?

A mini forex trading account is designed for those who are new to forex trading or when the trading account balance is less then $10.000.

Mini forex account key points

- Only $250-$300 to open

- Up to 200:1 trade leverage

- 1 pip = $1 for EUR/USD and GBP/USD

- Smaller trade size

Mini forex account advantages

Build up confidence starting small

A trader can trade a mini forex account using 1 mini lot and building up lot size slowly when he makes profits in his account. A general rule is to trade ONLY 1 mini lot for every $1000 a trader has in account. For example, if an account is worth $5000, trader can take up to 5 mini lots.

Develop a forex trading strategy

Because on a mini forex account, pip value is $1 = 1 pip, trader can pay more attention on building a solid trading strategy without focusing on floating profit & Loss (P/L).
Most traders with a small account balance trading on a standard account will tend to base trading decisions on profit &Loss and not on their trading strategy, they are emotionally too involved.

Their account balance fluctuations are so important that they even can’t think developing a proper trading strategy.
Their account size is too small for the lot size they take and every small pip loss can lead to a painful loss in their trading account.

Such traders will tend to take profits (too) soon and cut losses too late because they always hope the trade will make a reverse and come back.

Consider the following example:

A trader has a $2000 trading Account.

When trading a forex standard account, a 37 pip loss will result in a $370 loss in his trading account or 18.5% of his account balance. When taking the same trade on a forex mini account, a 37 pip loss will result in a $37 loss in his trading account or 1.85 % of his account balance.


By starting with a Mini account- a trader loses only a small amount on every losing transaction making it easier to stick to a disciplined trading strategy, in the long rum, this will lead to much better trading results.

Toby Smitz - Daily Operations Mini Forex Trading

Forex: Money Management Principles

Trade With Sufficient Captial

One of the worst blunders that forex traders can make is attempting to trade without sufficient capital.

The trader with limited capital not only will be a worried trader, always looking to minimize losses beyond the point of realistic trading, but he will also frequently be taken out of the trading game before he can realize any sense of success trading the method(s) or patterns.

Exercise Discipline

Discipline is probably one of the most overused words in forex trading education. However, despite the cliché, discipline continues to be the most important behaviour one can master to become a profitable trader. Discipline is the ability to plan your work and work your plan.

It’s the ability to give your trade the time to develop without hastily taking yourself out of the market simply because you are uncomfortable with risk. Discipline is also the ability to continue to trade the methods and patterns even after you’ve suffered losses. Do your best to cultivate the degree of discipline required to be a world-class trader.

Employ Risk-to-Reward Ratios

The following shows you possible risk-to reward ratios, and the win ratios required to break even in a trading system.

Risk-to-Reward Ratio (in pips)and Win Ratio Required to Break Even(%)

40/20 (2 to 1) = 67%, 40/40 (1 to1) = 50%, 40/60 (1 to 1.5) = 40%,

40/80 (1 to 2) = 33.5%,

60/20 (3 to 1) = 75%,

60/60 (1 to 1) = 50%,

60 /90 (1 to 1.5) = 40%,

60/120 (1 to 2) = 33.5%

Important Note

Never risk more pips on a trade then you plan to make. It doesn’t make sense to risk 100 pips in order to make only 10. Why? See below example.

Profit taking level (pips): 10

Stop used or pips at risk: 100

You win 10 times which makes 100 winning pips.
You ONLY lose once and have to give back all profits!!!

This type of trading makes no sense and you will lose on the long term guaranteed!

Toby Smitz - Daily Operations
Forex Trading with free education

Ways to Learn Foreign Exchange Trading

Being successful in forex means being open to learn foreign exchange trading in every way possible. One of the things you need to understand when it comes to forex is that it is very dynamic. It always changes and it has many different things in store for you. Every currency fluctuates depending on a lot of factors, so the best way you can keep up with it is if you keep yourself informed of the changes.

There are actually many different ways in which you can try to learn more about the forex trading business and here are some of them:

1. Joining online forums - There's a lot to be learned about forex that you might only be able to experience when you join a forum. What's even better is that most online forums become a venue where people can freely express their opinions and even share vital information with each other. If you are looking for a cheap yet valuable way to learn more about the business of doing forex, this is definitely one of the things you can consider. You simply need to sign up or register to be able to utilize the benefits of an online forum. You can also feel free to visit threads and browse through the responses of the members.

2. Browsing through article directories - If you are looking for reference articles that you can compile and read, then you can try looking at article directories online. Just the same as forums, most of them can be accessed for free. You can also try looking through the articles linked into social bookmarking sites. Most of these websites already have the finest articles that complement what you have in mind. The thing about article directories is that they are created by experienced writers so you can also be assured of the quality of that which you read.

3. Enrolling through an online course - If you really wanted to learn foreign exchange trading the hardcore way, you can also try enrolling yourself in a short course online. Doing this online makes it easier for you to manage your time between work, studying, and of course your other responsibilities. One of the strong points of online courses is that they are very flexible. You can also take more than one course at a time so long as you can still squeeze it in your schedule. Just make sure you check out the course outline first so you can really see what's in it for you.

4. Getting the consultancy services of a forex broker - Forex brokers are one of the most sought after individuals in the forex industry. This is because they can turn out to be a good source of both expertise and professional knowledge on the subject of forex. One of the most distinct factors that you can experience with forex brokers is that they will give you a bigger picture of how the industry works. Aside from being able to learn about forex trading you can also learn about the importance of networks and expanding your business contacts.

Looking for the one secret to be a professional forex trader?

Be a pro trader by consistently knowing what's new on the forex market with the finest online currency news trading site today.

And stay updated with online forex scam reviews, to protect yourself from misleading programs.

What is RSI in Forex? - How to Use the RSI Indicators

One of the most used indicators in forex trading is to as the RSI. New traders often do not know what the RSI even is, and so this article is written to give a basic understanding for those newbies who may most appreciate an explanation. Basically, the RSI is the Relative Strength Index." Again, it is one of the most used indicators in forex trading. It is best used together with other indicators to enter and exit trades (I use it along with knowing where the basic hourly and daily support and resistance points are.)

I am going to explain how to use RSI in the simplest of terms. Basically, when the RSI falls below 30, the currency pair is considered to be "oversold." When an oversold condition presents, the trader of course will use this information along with other indicators to assist with determining when to place a buy order on the oversold pair. On the other hand, when the RSI is above 70, this indicates an overbought market. In an overbought market, the trader will be looking for an entry point to place a sell order on the currency pair.

You can check the RSI by various time intervals on the charts (i.e. hourly, daily, weekly, 30 minutes, 15 minutes, etc.). Daily and weekly time frames seem to be the ones most traders will analyze and seem to give the most useful and reliable information.

The RSI in forex trading is a very simple indicator that can be used, along with other indicators and signals, to assist the forex trader in make higher probability trades.

Have you discovered the forex strategy or strategies that are BEST for you? Visit Ann Pevey's site to see a free video explaining using RSI in forex trading. You will also find information on forex strategies, worldwide forex news, free forex training videos and more - all about FOREX.

Thursday, May 28, 2009

FAP Turbo by Steve Carletti - Is This Forex Trading Robot a Scam?

There are many forex trading robots in the market, but only a few of them actually work. FAP Turbo is probably the most popular Forex software ever released. Created by Steve Carletti (an IT programmer) and his team after intensive research and testing, this system is designed to work with the Metatrader4 platform and can trade without any human intervention.
But how is FAPturbo better than its competition?

  • It's a plug & play system that runs completely on autopilot.
  • You can host it on a Virtual Private Server and it will work even if you turn off your computer.
  • It provides you with live trading on real money accounts and not just back test results.
  • It offers lifetime membership access and the possibility to receive all the future updates of the program free of charge.
  • Its winning percentage is over 90% and its drawdown is less than 1%!
  • FAP Turbo works non-stop 24 hours a day 5 days per week.
  • It requires a very small investment. You can start with only $50.
  • It's very user-friendly and easy to install.
  • They have a very good customer service and are very responsive to emails.
  • This software has very tight risk prevention settings and can minimize losses.
  • It provides you with great learning material that can help you set up the system.
  • The robot uses complex algorithms to identify profitable trends.

FAP Turbo offers a 60 days money-back guarantee, so that leaves you with enough time to download the system and test it on a demo account. After that you can decide if want to keep it or not.

It seems that FAP Turbo is actually a reliable Forex software Click Here to learn more about this system.

FAP Turbo Review - Taking a Closer Look at FAP Turbo

There are many of us who do not indulge in online Forex trading because of little or no knowledge about it. Of course, no one would like to see his/her hard-earned money going down the drain by randomly investing it in the trading market.

However, do you realize that online trading is one great way to make tremendous profits! The fact that no one is born with knowledge about everything should be compelling enough for you to gain more information about Forex trading and be one of those who rake dollars by investing money here. However, it is not just the knowledge that can help you get profits; you need to be able to search for the right trading options and invest in them. This can really be a tedious task.

Not anymore! With the launch of FAP Turbo, you can now lay aside all the effort that you had to go through in trying to search for the best Forex trading options. You can install FAP Turbo in less than five minutes and quite easily too! FAP Turbo review has been quite amazing; this automated forex software is really easy to understand and can generate enormous profits for you.

People who have installed this software and have performed live trading have been fascinated by the results. FAP Turbo review has shown that these people have literally managed to double their money in 30 days! The most unique and interesting thing about this Forex robot is that you do not have sit for hours in front of your computer. You can eat, sleep, go for a vacation, or spend your day at the beach while this intelligent program does all the Forex trading for you. Unbelievable, isn't it! Indeed, it is very much true.

A detailed FAP Turbo review has shown that the extensive online video tutorials that show how to use FAP Turbo are really useful and helpful. People who have little or no knowledge about Forex trading can gain information from these exhaustive video tutorials. Therefore, with FAP Turbo you do not need to be an expert in trading. You can install this product and view the online tutorials to learn about the settings for this software and let the program do the rest.

A detailed online FAQ section also helps you out with any additional queries that you may have about this Forex robot. FAP Turbo review has revealed yet another great feature of this software; unlike other Forex robots, FAP Turbo has an online forum that you can use for any issues or queries that may arise while using this software.

For more information about FapTurbo review, you can visit the following link:

Are you ready to make money with automated forex software? Be amaze what this software can do!

Forex MegaDroid by John Grace & Albert Perrie - Is Forex MegaDroid a Scam Or Does it Work?

Forex MegaDroid system was developed by 2 professional traders named John Grace and Albert Perrie. With 38 years of combined experience in the trading rooms of commercial banks, these two people managed to create a system never seen before.

But, what makes this robot stand out from the rest?

  • Mega Droid has been tested extensively for more than 8 years and its consistency has been proven. That makes it one of the very few systems on the market that can actually return your investment over a long period of time.
  • Its accuracy is extremely high (95.82%).
  • In 2009 this software has made a net profit of 330.20% and it's estimated that it will hit the 1000% mark until the end of the year. Its performance in previous years is equally amazing. In 2008 it was 623.84%, 2007 810.70%, 2006 333.20%, 2005 810.70%, 2004 677.67%, 2003 656.52%, and finally in 2002 441.28%.
  • It uses the completely new RCTPA (Reverse Correlated Time and Price Analysis) technology, which allows it to see into the immediate future (2-4 hours) and predict the market's behavior.
  • Mega Droid has the unique ability to adapt itself to any market condition and this is the reason why this software can actually outperform every other robot out there.
  • It offers a 5 minutes guarantee, which means that you can download, install and start trading with it in 5 minutes or less.
  • You can use it no matter how small your account is. Mega Droid will give you a list of brokers, which allow you to open an account with just 1 dollar.
  • It's indeed a "Plug and Play" software that will trade automatically for you. This means that you can make huge profits, even if you have no previous experience.
  • They have a great support staff that will promptly offer their help and answer any questions you may have.

FOREX MEGADROID is different. Its Artificial Intelligence Capabilities make it almost infallible.

To learn more about this software, read this Forex Megadroid Review!

Forex Ambush 2.0 System - Is Forex Ambush 2.0 Actually Effective?

Forex Ambush 2.0 is an FX signal provider, which means that it won't execute trades automatically, but will send you signals via sms or email, so you can place the trades yourself. This system is the ideal choice for all those people who want control over their trading and don't want to leave everything in the hands of a software.

Here are some of the advantages of using this service:

  1. Their trading signal service has a 100% winning rate and absolutely no losses.
  2. It's not based on statistical analysis alone, but it also uses advanced artificial intelligence.
  3. This system produces returns in excess of 1.600% monthly.
  4. This tool can work worldwide. The only thing you need to have is a forex account.
  5. You don't have to be an experienced trader, the messages will tell you exactly what to do.
  6. It has the ability to adapt to any market condition.
  7. All the members receive the signals immediately via email or sms, so that they will be able to take advantage of any opportunity to make a profit.
  8. This expert advisor can trade all the major currency pairs like the Euro, the Pound, the Australian Dollar, the Swiss Frank and the Canadian Dollar.
  9. They provide live trading results in real money accounts.
  10. This is not some poorly written eBook that just weakly guides you. It's a powerful tool that tells you exactly when to trade, which currency to buy and when it's time to sell and exit the market.

FOREX Ambush 2.0 is an amazing artificial intelligence engine that took 3 years and $2.000.000 to develop.

Read this FOREX AMBUSH 2.0 REVIEW and find out what other people are saying about this revolutionary forex system. Just Click Here

10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder Review - Can You Build Wealth in 10 Minutes a Day?

Dean Saunders 10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder is a very affordable eBook and video currency trading training course that is written for people who want to learn currency trading but who only have ten or fifteen minutes a day to spare for trading. But does it work and is it worth the money?

Your Currency Trading Training - Currency Trading Basics and Beyond

The course is written in an interesting, straight to the point manner. Your currency trading training begins with the currency trading basics - currency pairs, the bid and the ask, and information about the Forex market itself.

Dean Saunders then recommends a specific broker who offers both free charting software based on the Meta Trader 4 (or MT4) charting platform along with very narrow spreads between the bid and the ask.

Spreads vary from one broker to the next. Some can be three times as much as another. Using a broker who offers narrow spreads can have a huge impact on your bottom line.

He also recommends this specific broker because they allow you to trade micro lots. This is especially good news for the beginning trader because if you start trading micro lots you do not have to risk a lot of money while you're learning to trade.

The importance of money management, risk calculation, and the trader's mindset cannot be overstated and the 10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder spends ample time on all of those along with a realistic approach to helping you to determine your short and long term Forex trading goals.

This information alone is worth the price of the course, and that's before Dean Saunders's 10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder has even begun to teach you his trading techniques.

Learn Currency Trading with the 10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder's Two Forex Trading Strategies

Now you're in for a treat as he proceeds to teach you two different types of trading strategies - a breakout system and a swing trading system.

He then goes beyond currency trading basics as he shows you exactly what to look for in order to initiate your trades, where to enter, where to place your stops, and where to take your profits. The included videos show you live trade examples of what you've learned.

The 10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder is a very good place for you to begin to learn currency trading. And, as your currency trading training and experience grows, you will see how worthwhile this course truly is.

Next, to get a more in-depth 10 Minute Forex Wealth Builder Review along with reviews on more than a dozen other Forex trading courses and software, go to

(c) Copyright - Steve Schulman. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

How to Get Started on Your Online Forex Trading

Forex trading is a very flexible business and you're the one calling the shots. Still, if you're not careful, you can find yourself losing your modal as well. Therefore, here are a few things that you should know before you get started.

1. Having a broker

You will first need a broker to execute your orders and sometimes, to advise you in your trading decisions. There are many brokers out there and you'll need to be extra careful in finding one who can execute your orders anytime. Consider looking at each brokers' trade records and see how they've done in forex trading over the years. Most important thing is you need a broker that you feel comfortable with and who is also comfortable with you.

2. Diagrams

Next thing that you need to do is to understand how to read the diagram. You will need to understand the diagrams as only then you know the movement of the market. By choosing shorter time frames, you can clearly see the progress of the market by the minute. Usually, diagram software will use bars and lines to represent progress. Take your own sweet time figuring out each style and which one you are most comfortable with.

3. Using a demo account

Previously, you have to take risk without the experience or expertise to invest in forex trading. Nowadays, there are mock accounts which enable you to earn valuable experiences before going into live trades. As you would have a broker by now, he/she will usually let you have a trial in trading by using mock money. So, know your way around the software before you jump into the money making channel.

4. Going into live trades

So you've figured out everything you need to go into live trade. First rule is: don't be greedy. You might earn some the first few times but it doesn't mean you'll always score in the forex market. If you do lose, keep calm and do not give up completely but to see it as a learning experience or a mistake that you wouldn't do next time. Learning never stops so keep trying and it wouldn't be long before you earn your real satisfying profit.

It's easy to start trading Forex online, BUT you will lose money without proper education.

Find out more tips on trading currency online at now and start making your live changing income!

How to Find the Best Automated Forex Software For You

How to find the best automated forex software can be hard to do. With so many out there you find yourself asking this question over and over. All you know is that you want a program that help to make better trades so you can profit from them. You may have bought a program recently that didn't live up the hype o the price since some of these auto programs can be quite expensive. But not to worry there are some out there that fulfill on the promises. Now I will show you what to look at when purchasing one.

Tips to look out for when buying an Automated Forex Software

The interface of the program: Look for the easy to use ones. The more complicated the harder it is to operate and if you have trouble operating the program than the potential of losing money is higher. Like the motto goes "Keep it simple"

Instructions: Now that that your looking for a simple program, you need to make sure there is a manual or better yet a video demo showing all the features and options for the product. It may be easy but to use it properly you still need help with it. The more you know about the product you're using the smoother things will work.

Refund policy: Last but certainly not least the refund policy. Refund policy is crucial to have one. Look for the refund policy about 30 to 60 days. Try it out and if it works than great but if not simply get your money back.

The best automated forex software I have used is Fapturbo. After numerous other programs I found this one to be the best for me. Take a look at the video at to see other peoples experiences.

Currency - Forex Online Trading - Can Newbies Make Money With Forex Online Currency Trading?

Do you want to learn to trade in the nearly two trillion dollar a day Forex market by doing Forex online currency trading? Are you concerned because you are a beginner and you don't want to lose all your money? Are you worried that it could just be too tough to make a profit?

This mini-guide to currency Forex online trading gives you an overview of the risks and rewards of Forex online currency trading. Read it and you'll probably see that if you're willing to put in a little bit of work, this can be a great market to trade in - even if you're a newbie.

What Is the Forex and What Is Currency: Forex Online Trading?

The Forex stands for the foreign exchange. The commodity you will be trading online is currency. The Forex market deals with only one activity - buying and selling currencies for the express reason of making a profit.

When you are involved with Forex online currency trading, your money can travel around the world in seconds.

For example, when you buy (go long) a currency you strengthen that country's economic position and raise the value of their currency. If the value of the currency increases, the pip (percentage in point) goes up. The more the pips increase the more money you can make.

One of the nice things about trading the Forex is that you do not have to be overloaded with information, as you could be if you were trading stocks and bonds.

This does not mean that you should just jump in and start trading. There are still things to learn in order to be a successful trader. However, the learning curve is a not nearly as steep.

When Does the Forex Market Operate?

The Forex is in business twenty-four hours a day, almost five-and-a-half days per week - from Sunday afternoon through Friday. This means you can do currency Forex online trading pretty much according to your schedule - at any time during the day or night.

Keep in mind, though, that there are more advantageous times of the day to trade.

Because you are trading online you can access the foreign exchange from anywhere in the world where there is an Internet connection.

How Much Does It Cost to Get Started?

Most people who learn Forex online currency trading start with a small account, so they do not risk a lot of money. You can start an account with as little as three hundred dollars.

And, unlike trading stocks, most Forex brokers do not charge a commission. This means you can earn more money from your successful trades and lose less on your losing trades. These savings can really add up over the course of a year.

How Can You Learn Forex Online Currency Trading?

Some people try to learn by signing up at an online brokerage account. If you're new to trading it can even be a bit confusing picking the best broker because although brokers do not charge commissions, they control the spread between the bid and the ask on the currency pairs that are traded. Bottom line is that the spread affects the amount of profits and / or losses in your account.

That's why a lot of newbies like to find a good source of quality information such as a highly recommended eBook or video course.

Next, here is a highly rated beginners course on Forex online currency trading. And go to for reviews on more than a dozen additional courses and software that can help make you a profitable Forex trader.

(c) Copyright - Steve Schulman. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

A Beginner's Guide to FOREX

FOREX is the abbreviation for the Foreign Exchange market. FOREX is basically an international exchange market where currencies from all over the world are bought and sold for profit. The market today began in the 1970’s. FOREX is a very unique market because it is not based in any particular place, and it also has very few qualifications for investing. FOREX is also free of external controls, and the investors (participants in the market) largely determine how much a currency is worth based on demand. Almost anyone can invest in FOREX, and there are strategies for investors who want to have long-term gains, and strategies for investors who desire short-term gains. The vast array of investors makes FOREX quite unique in the financial community.

The Workings of FOREX

FOREX is not centered at one place like the NYSE. The specific hours for FOREX trade are 24 hours a day from Sunday afternoon to Friday afternoon. FOREX transactions can take place at almost any time, anywhere, all over the world. There are FOREX dealers in almost all of the time zones, and it is simple to find them. Many dealers can be found online. All an investor does is decide what currency he or she wants to purchase, contact the dealer, and then makes the purchase. Many investors purchase using a credit line (money they do not have). This is called marginal trading.

What is Marginal Trading?

Marginal trading is a term used for trading with borrowed capital. FOREX investments can be made without actually having the money. All an investor needs to do is borrow the money for a certain currency. The investor wants to choose a currency that will increase in value quite rapidly. Once the currency increases, the investor pays back the money he or she borrowed and makes sheer profit. This is a high-risk investment, but the rewards are great (as with most high risk investments).

Two Types of FOREX Analytics

FOREX traders often have to analyze the market. Like all investments, FOREX involves a certain amount of calculated risk. Two ways to calculate these risks are though Technical Analysis and Fundamental Analysis.

Technical Analysis is based on the idea that trends through history will continue. A FOREX investor will notice that a certain currency is very strong and seems to be rising at a normal rate. The same investor will also suppose that the currency will not decline in value, and will continue to rise, as it has done in the past. The investor then purchases a large amount of that currency and expects to make a profit. This investment entails a large assumption but is relatively safe.

Fundamental Analysis is an analysis of an entire countries situation. Investors utilizing this technique look at the situation of the country in which the currency finds its base. Factors such as the countries economic status, political status, and global status are taken into account. For example, a Fundamental Analysis investor would not invest in currency from a country that just overthrew its leader and is in political shambles. Although this investment seems logical, it does not take into account one of the fundamental elements of FOREX trading. FOREX currency values are largely determined by the investors. That being said, Fundamental Analysis assumes that other FOREX traders will view a countries situation in the same way and respond accordingly.

Benefits of FOREX

FOREX can be very beneficial to a variety of people. FOREX trading can gain investors a large amount of money either over a long period of time, or in a short period of time. Investors who choose to invest in FOREX are generally well informed about the market and understand the current situations in many countries of the world. Investing in FOREX is simple and highly recommended for anyone who wants to enjoy profits from top-notch investments.

Mary McDowski is very interested in investments and finances. Learn more about FOREX at ( ).

Forex Trading Best Practices

FOREX, the term for the FOReign EXchange market, is an international exchange market where currencies from many different countries are bought and sold. Both long-term hedge investors and short-term investors that seek quick profits use FOREX. Trade reaches between 1 and 1.5 trillion US dollars per day. Needless to say, FOREX is a very lucrative market. Many wonder how to gain the most profits by trading with FOREX. There are a few simple trade practices that can help any trader, either an amateur or a professional make significant profit from FOREX.

The best traders firstly understand the intricacies of FOREX trading. In order to be successful, one must understand how FOREX works. FOREX transactions are not centered in an exchange, unlike the stock market. Many transactions can take place at different times all over the world. This is important to note if one is going to invest in FOREX. In order to trade, one must simply find a trader (there are many around the world, some can even be found online), decide the currency to purchase, sell currency, and make profit. However, if FOREX was this simple, everyone would do it. In reality, most people have to gamble with FOREX because no currency is completely stable, and there is always the risk for losing money.

One of the best FOREX practices, but also the most potential hazardous is marginal trading. Marginal trading is when an investor speculates on currency prices by getting a credit line. This can lead to a vast gain, as well as a potential loss. Because FOREX can be traded without real money, trading with borrowed capital (marginal trading) can be very appealing. Using this techniques, an investor can invest more money without having to deal with as many money transfer costs. Marginal trading also allows bigger positions to be opened with a smaller amount of actual capital. This trading practice is certainly for the short-term investor.

The best long-term practices with FOREX are Technical Analysis and Fundamental Analysis. It is a good idea for small and medium sized investors to invest in technical analysis. Technical Analysis assumes that all information about the market and future fluctuations of a currency can be found in the price chain. In other words, technical analysis involves looking at the past events in the market and assuming that these trends will continue. This is a very good strategy because, quite simply, history has a habit of repeating itself. This is also safer because it entails less guesswork than marginal trading, since the investor assumes that history will continue and therefore makes a safe investment in a strong currency that seems likely to continue a positive trend.

Fundamental Analysis is the process of considering the current situation of the country of the currency. Elements such as a countries economy, political situation, and future must all be taken into account in Fundamental Analysis. Investors then make investments based upon this knowledge. The best investors not only analysis a countries current situation, but the rest of the world’s interpretation of that country. Like any stock market, the value of the commodity is not merely based on exact numbers, but on perceptions of that commodity. If a country is believed to be on a positive path economically, than it’s currency will do well in FOREX.

FOREX can be a potentially lucrative investment. However, the success of FOREX trading depends on the practices and knowledge of the investor. It is important for any investor to analyze the market and determine what exactly he or she wants to achieve in investing. Long-term gains and short-term gains require different strategies. The best investors are always well informed about the market, the world economy and have the best traders available. If one follows these practices, FOREX will certainly prove to be a very rewarding investment.

Diane McDee is a knowledgeable investor and contributes to the Forex Blog ( ).

What is Forex Trading?

Forex, or Foreign Exchange, is the simultaneous exchange of one country's currency for that of another.

The way it works is an investor who wishes to purchase or sell one currency for another with the hope of making a profit when the value of the currencies change in favor of the investor. This can happen either from market news, or events that happen across the globe. For example, If you bought currency and the price appreciates in value, then you will earn a profit by closing your position. When you do this and sell the currency back in order to lock in the profit, you are in actuality buying the counter currency in the pair. By trading currency pairs, one currency valued against another, a rate of worth has been established. The reason is because a country's currency has value only relative to the currency of another country.

There are many different tools that can help a Forex trader out. Advanced charting programs are a major tool, as well as the FOREX traders guide. Along with these tools, global interactive training rooms with live video feeds, and the daily world bank FOREX report help investors get the most out of FOREX trading.

For more information on FOREX trading check out Forex Resources

Example of a Profitable Transaction in FOREX

To make a profit, in the FOREX, a trader can enter the market as a *buy position* (known as going "long") or a *sell position*(known as going "short").

For discussion, let's assume you've been studying the EURO.

Your trading methods, rules, strategies, etc., tell you that prices will rise during a particular timeframe. So you buy the EUR/USD pair (or, technically, you will simultaneously buy euros, the base currency, and sell dollars).

You open up your handy trading station software (provided to you for free by the online broker), which resides on your desktop, and you see that the EUR/USD pair is trading at:


REMEMBER: the quote to the left of the / (1.3242) refers to the bid or "sell" price (what you obtain in USD when you sell EUR). The quote to the right of the / (1.3245) is used to obtain the ask or "buy" price (what you have to pay in USD if you buy EUR).

So, since you believe that the market price for the EUR/USD pair will go higher, you will enter a *buy position* in the market. For simplicities sake, let's say you bought one lot at 1.3245. As long as you sell back the pair at a higher price, then you make money.

But, no worries. This seemingly elaborate process is handled, and even calculated for you, via the broker's software mentioned above. The chart software and the quote board are in agreement with all sides of the currencies.

To illustrate a typical FX SELL trade, consider this scenario involving the USD/JPY currency pair:

REMEMBER ~ Selling ("going short") the currency pair implies selling the first, base currency, and buying the second, quote currency. You sell the currency pair if you believe the base currency (USD) will go down relative to the quote currency (JPY), or equivalently, that the quote currency (JPY) will go up relative to the base currency (USD).

NOTE: while the Profit Calculations, on the Short-sell trade scenario below, may seem somewhat complicated if you've never been in the FOREX market before, trust us when we say, "this process is nearly seamless through your broker trade station (software). We're just showing you this thought-process below so you can SEE how a PROFIT occurs even when

SELLING a currency pair.

The current bid/ask price for USD/JPY is 105.26/105.30, meaning you can buy $1 US for 105.30 Japanese YEN or sell $1 US for 105.26 YEN.

Suppose you decide that the US Dollar (USD) is overvalued against the YEN (JPY). To execute this strategy, you would sell Dollars (simultaneously buying YEN), and then wait for the exchange rate to rise.

So you make the trade: selling US $100,000 and purchasing 10,526,000 YEN. (Remember, at 1% margin, your initial margin deposit would be $1,000.)

As you expected, USD/JPY falls to 104.26/104.30, meaning you can now buy $1 US for $104.30 Japanese YEN or sell $1 US for 104.26

Since you're short dollars (and are long YEN), you must now buy dollars and sell back the YEN to realize any profit.

You buy US $100,000 at the current USD/JPY rate of 104.30, and receive 10,430,000 YEN. Since you originally bought(paid for) 10,526,000 YEN, your profit is 96,000 YEN.

To calculate your P&L in terms of US dollars, simply divide 96,000 by the current USD/JPY rate of 104.30.

Total profit = US $920.42

Omar Vargas is a freelance writer with articles published in a number of places. You can learn more about Forex trading and its great advantages over other kind of business at this useful website:

Two Timeless Rules in FOREX Investing

RULE #1) ~ Cut your losers; let your winners ride.

One important thing that every new trader must know before entering this highly profitable business is that life is not perfect, even in FOREX land, and you should always know one fact: YOU WILL HAVE LOSING TRADES.

Every FOREX trader does. The key to being a consistent, predictable, reliable trader is to, at the end of the day, add up more wins than losses. And, when you KNOW(based off your trading rules), without a doubt, that YES, indeed you are, in a losing trade, don't keep losing money (lowering your stop loss) just to *prove you are right* or
your rules are wrong (however you want to look at it).

Let's face it - you can't turn a sow's ear into a silk purse. You can't change the spots of a leopard and you can't turn chicken poop into chicken salad. The best trades are usually "right" immediately (the techniques, rules, methods and strategies you can learn in our resources list will be your best indicator for just what a "right" trade really is).

Remember, people have been trading the markets for a hundred and sixty years. The smart traders know there's going to be another trade. Cut your loses short and compound those winning positions.

RULE #2) ~ Thou Shall Not Trade the FOREX Without the Placing of a Stop Loss Order.

When you place a STOP order, right along with your ENTRY order, via your online trade station, you've just automatically prevented a potential loss from "running" too far.

Before initiating any trade, if you haven't already figured out at what point you would be wrong and would want to cut your loses or, at the very least, reevaluate your position from the sidelines, then you shouldn't be putting on the trade in the first place.

Show us a FOREX trader who doesn't use stop loss orders and we'll show you someone who loses a lot of money.

Omar Vargas
Forex trader and freelance writer

Forex Trading

Foreign exchange market, or better known as FOREX, is the world's largest and most prolific financial exchange market originated on 1973. Bearing the status of largest and most prolific currency exchange market, FOREX is the center stage where a vast majority of the currency trading or FOREX trading takes place, with a total daily turnover of currency worth more than $1.2 trillion.

For having such an enormous sum of total turnover everyday, FOREX can be considered as a liquid market ideal for Forex trading. Unlike many other securities, FOREX does not trade on a fix exchange rate, instead, currencies are traded primarily between central banks, commercial banks, non-banking international corporation, hedge funds, private investors and not to forget, speculators. Previously, smaller investors are precluded from trading in FOREX due to the large amount of deposit required. However, until the recent years, with the continuous growing of Internet and the rise of competitions, smaller investors can now trade in FOREX as the requirement to trade in FOREX has been amended.

Truthfully, there are a few factors why FOREX trading is starting to attract more and more medium and smaller sized investors. One of the main reasons is due to the fact that FOREX trading operates at 24 hours per day, 5 days per week. In addition to that, unlike the old days where trading is done only through telephone, it can now be done...

The full article available at

Alvin Han is the editor of

The Seven Most Traded Currencies in FOREX.

Currencies are traded in dollar amounts called “lots”. One
lot is equal to $1,000, which controls $100,000 in currency.
This is what is known as the "margin". You can control $100,000
worth of currency for only 1,000 dollars. This is what is called “High Leverage”.

Currencies are always traded in pairs in the FOREX. The
pairs have a unique notation that expresses what currencies
are being traded. The symbol for a currency pair will always
be in the form ABC/DEF. ABC/DEF is not a real currency pair,
it is an example of a symbol for a currency pair. In this
example ABC is the symbol for one countries currency and DEF
is the symbol for another countries currency.

Here are some of the common symbols used in the Forex:

USD - The US Dollar

EUR - The currency of the European Union "EURO"

GBP - The British Pound

JPN - The Japanese Yen

CHF - The Swiss Franc

AUD - The Australian Dollar

CAD - The Canadian Dollar

There are symbols for other currencies as well, but these
are the most commonly traded ones.

A currency can never be traded by itself. So you can not
ever trade a EUR by itself. You always need to compare one
currency with another currency to make a trade possible.

Some of the common PAIRS are:

EUR/USD Euro / US Dollar


USD/JPY US Dollar / Japanese Yen

"Dollar Yen"

GBP/USD British Pound / US Dollar


USD/CAD US Dollar / Canadian Dollar

"Dollar Canada"

AUD/USD Australian Dollar/US Dollar

"Aussie Dollar"

USD/CHF US Dollar / Swiss Franc


EUR/JPY Euro / Japanese Yen

"Euro Yen"

The listed currency pairs above look like a fraction. The
numerator (top of the fraction or "left" of the / however
you want to SEE it) is called the base currency. The
denominator (bottom of the fraction or "right" of the
/however you want to SEE it) is called the counter currency.
When you place an order to buy the EUR/USD, for instance,
you are actually buying the EUR and selling the USD. If you
were to sell the pair, you would be selling the EUR and
buying the USD. So if you buy or sell a currency PAIR, you
are buying/selling the base currency. You are always doing
the opposite of what you did with to base currency with the
counter currency.

If this seems confusing then you're in luck. You can always
get by with just thinking of the entire pair as one item.
Then you are just buying or selling that one item. Thinking
like this will still enable you to place trades. You only
need to be aware of the base/counter concept for Fundamental
Analysis issues.

So why is it important to know about the base/counter
currency? The base/counter currency concept illustrates
what is actually taking place in a Forex transaction. Some
of you reading this, know that short-selling was restricted
in the stock market *(Short-selling is where you sell a
stock/currency/option/commodity first and then try to buy it
back at a lower price later). But in the FOREX you are
always buying one currency (base) and selling another
(counter). If you sell the pair you are simply flipping
which one you buy and which one you sell. The transaction is
essentially the same. This allows you to short-sell with no

You want to be able to short-sell with no restrictions so
you can make money when the market drops as well as when it
rises. The problem with traditional stock market trading is
that the market has to go up for you to make money. With
FOREX trading you can make money in all directions.

Omar Vargas; FOREX Trader and Freelance writer.

The Margin Advantages of Trading FOREX.

There is one aspect that is considered as one of the best advantages of FOREX Trading. This is related to the amount of money you need to place a trade, this is known as "margin", and in short, this is all that can be lost in a the case you had a bad trade.

I state it like this because, even though I know with
proper self-taught education you're NOT going to lose as
much as you win anyway, I want you to know that despite the
super-high leverage associated with FOREX trading (200:1 is
possible; meaning that if you put up $1 the trading vendor will
allow you to trade like you really have $200), it's still
arguably less risky than futures (commodities) trading. And, forget stocks, you'll never get this type of LEVERAGE
in the equities market.

Futures markets are often prone to sudden and dramatic
moves, against which you can not protect yourself, even by
trading with protective stops. Your position may be
liquidated at a loss, and you’ll be liable for any resulting
deficit in the account. But because of the FX markets deep
liquidity and 24-hour, continuous trading, dangerous trading
gaps and limit moves are eliminated. Orders are executed
quickly, without slippage or partial fills. And finally,
there are no margin calls -- for your protection, ALL our
recommended brokers will automatically close out some or
all of your open positions if your account equity falls
below the level required to hold the positions. Think of
this as a final, automatic stop, always working on your
behalf to prevent a debit balance. In fact, if you pick from
our list of recommended brokers, we guarantee that you will
never lose more than you have in your FOREX account.

Omar Vargas; Forex trader and freelance writer.

What are Your Options Regarding Forex Options Brokers?

Forex option brokers can generally be divided into two separate categories: forex brokers who offer online forex option trading platforms and forex brokers who only broker forex option trading via telephone trades placed through a dealing/brokerage desk. A few forex option brokers offer both online forex option trading as well a dealing/brokerage desk for investors who prefer to place orders through a live forex option broker.

The trading account minimums required by different forex option brokers vary from a few thousand dollars to over fifty thousand dollars. Also, forex option brokers may require investors to trade forex options contracts having minimum notional values (contract sizes) up to $500,000. Last, but not least, certain types of forex option contracts can be entered into and exited at any time while other types of forex option contracts lock you in until expiration or settlement. Depending on the type of forex option contract you enter into, you might get stuck the wrong way with an option contract that you can not trade out of. Before trading, investors should inquire with their forex option brokers about initial trading account minimums, required contract size minimums and contract liquidity.

There are a number of different forex option trading products offered to investors by forex option brokers. We believe it is extremely important for investors to understand the distinctly different risk characteristics of each of the forex option trading products mentioned below that are offered by firms that broker forex options.

Plain Vanilla Forex Options Broker - Plain vanilla options generally refer to standard put and call option contracts traded through an exchange (however, in the case of forex option trading, plain vanilla options would refer to the standard, generic option contracts that are traded through an over-the-counter (OTC) forex dealer or clearinghouse). In simplest terms, vanilla forex options would be defined as the buying or selling of a standard forex call option contract or forex put option contract.

There are only a few forex option broker/dealers who offer plain vanilla forex options online with real-time streaming quotes 24 hours a day. Most forex option brokers and banks only broker forex options via telephone. Vanilla forex options for major currencies have good liquidity and you can easily enter the market long or short, or exit the market any time day or night.

Vanilla forex option contracts can be used in combination with each other and/or with spot forex contracts to form a basic strategy such as writing a covered call, or much more complex forex trading strategies such as butterflies, strangles, ratio spreads, synthetics, etc. Also, plain vanilla options are often the basis of forex option trading strategies known as exotic options.

Exotic Forex Options Broker - First, it is important to note that there a couple of different forex definitions for "exotic" and we don't want anyone getting confused. The first definition of a forex "exotic" refers to any individual currency that is less broadly traded than the major currencies. The second forex definition for "exotic" is the one we refer to on this website - a forex option contract (trading strategy) that is a derivative of a standard vanilla forex option contract.

To understand what makes an exotic forex option "exotic," you must first understand what makes a forex option "non-vanilla." Plain vanilla forex options have a definitive expiration structure, payout structure and payout amount. Exotic forex option contracts may have a change in one or all of the above features of a vanilla forex option. It is important to note that exotic options, since they are often tailored to a specific's investor's needs by an exotic forex options broker, are generally not very liquid, if at all.

Exotic forex options are generally traded by commercial and institutional investors rather than retail forex traders, so we won't spend too much time covering exotic forex options brokers. Examples of exotic forex options would include Asian options (average price options or "APO's"), barrier options (payout depends on whether or not the underlying reaches a certain price level or not), baskets (payout depends on more than one currency or a "basket" of currencies), binary options (the payout is cash-or-nothing if underlying does not reach strike price), lookback options (payout is based on maximum or minimum price reached during life of the contract), compound options (options on options with multiple strikes and exercise dates), spread options, chooser options, packages and so on. Exotic options can be tailored to a specific trader's needs, therefore, exotic options contract types change and evolve over time to suit those ever-changing needs.

Since exotic forex options contracts are usually specifically tailored to an individual investor, most of the exotic options business in transacted over the telephone through forex option brokers. There are, however, a handful of forex option brokers who offer "if touched" forex options or "single payment" forex options contracts online whereby an investor can specify an amount he or she is willing to risk in exchange for a specified payout amount if the underlying price reaches a certain strike price (price level). These transactions offered by legitimate online forex brokers can be considered a type of "exotic" option. However, we have noticed that the premiums charged for these types of contracts can be higher than plain vanilla option contracts with similar strike prices and you can not sell out of the option position once you have purchased this type of option - you can only attempt to offset the position with a separate risk management strategy. As a trade-off for getting to choose the dollar amount you want to risk and the payout you wish to receive, you pay a premium and sacrifice liquidity. We would encourage investors to compare premiums before investing in these kinds of options and also make sure the brokerage firm is reputable.

Again, it is fairly easy and liquid to enter into an exotic forex option contract but it is important to note that depending on the type of exotic option contract, there may be little to no liquidity at all if you wanted to exit the position.

Firms Offering Forex Option "Betting" - A number of new firms have popped up over the last year offering forex "betting." Though some may be legitimate, a number of these firms are either off-shore entities or located in some other remote location. We generally do not consider these to be forex brokerage firms. Many do not appear to be regulated by any government agency and we strongly suggest investors perform due diligence before investing with any forex betting firms. Invest at your own risk with these firms.

John Nobile - Senior Account Executive
CFOS/FX - Online Forex Spot and Options Brokerage

Forex Market Overview

"FX" is an abbreviation of "forex" or "foreign exchange." Foreign exchange is the largest and most liquid market in the world trading approximately $2 trillion every day (that's over 30 times the daily volume of NASDAQ and NYSE combined). The forex market is a cash interbank/interdealer market. In simplest terms, this means the foreign currencies traded in the forex market are traded directly between banks, foreign currency dealers and forex investors wishing either to diversify, speculate or to hedge foreign currency risk. The forex market is not a "market" in the traditional sense due to the fact that there is no centralized location for fx trading activity and, therefore, trades placed in the forex market are considered over-the-counter (OTC). Forex trading between parties occurs through computer terminals, exchanges and over telephones at thousands of locations worldwide. CFOS/FX clients can trade through online forex trading platforms and/or over the telephone directly with a forex broker on our trading desk.

Until recently the forex market has not been available to the small speculator. The large minimum foreign currency transaction sizes and financial requirements left this market in the hands of banks, major foreign currency dealers and the occasional large fx speculator. Now, with the ability to leverage large positions with a relatively small amount of capital (margin), the forex market is now more liquid than ever and available to most investors.

Five major currencies dominate trading in the foreign exchange markets: the U.S. Dollar, Eurocurrency, Japanese Yen, Swiss Franc and British Pound. The foreign currencies are traded in pairs, also known as crosses, in the forex spot market. For example, purchasing the EUR/USD in the forex spot market simply means the purchaser is buying the Eurocurrency and selling the U.S. Dollar in anticipation of the Eurocurrency gaining value in relation to the U.S. Dollar. Similarly, the seller of a EUR/USD contract would be selling the Eurocurrency against the U.S. Dollar. Official figures show the U.S. Dollar is on one side of 83% of all spot foreign exchange transactions. The "spot" market simply refers to a currency contract with a prompt valuation date requiring settlement within two business days.

Over the past several decades, an increase in international trade and foreign investment has made the economies of the world more interrelated. New opportunities for investors have also been created with the fall of communism and the dramatic growth of the Asian and Latin American economies. Today, supply and demand for a particular currency is the driving factor in determining exchange rates. Many factors such as regularly reported economic figures and unexpected news reports, such as disasters or political instabilities, could also alter the desirability of holding a particular currency, thus influencing international supply and demand for that currency. It should come as no surprise that many shrewd investors have already taken advantage of the fluctuation in exchange rates to profit handsomely.

Forex Options Market Overview

The forex options market started as an over-the-counter (OTC) financial vehicle for large banks, financial institutions and large international corporations to hedge against foreign currency exposure. Like the forex spot market, the forex options market is considered an "interbank" market. However, with the plethora of real-time financial data and forex option trading software available to most investors through the internet, today's forex option market now includes an increasingly large number of individuals and corporations who are speculating and/or hedging foreign currency exposure via telephone or online forex trading platforms.

Forex option trading has emerged as an alternative investment vehicle for many traders and investors. As an investment tool, forex option trading provides both large and small investors with greater flexibility when determining the appropriate forex trading and hedging strategies to implement.

Most forex options trading is conducted via telephone as there are only a few forex brokers offering online forex option trading platforms.

Forex Option Defined - A forex option is a financial currency contract giving the forex option buyer the right, but not the obligation, to purchase or sell a specific forex spot contract (the underlying) at a specific price (the strike price) on or before a specific date (the expiration date). The amount the forex option buyer pays to the forex option seller for the forex option contract rights is called the forex option "premium."

The Forex Option Buyer - The buyer, or holder, of a foreign currency option has the choice to either sell the foreign currency option contract prior to expiration, or he or she can choose to hold the foreign currency options contract until expiration and exercise his or her right to take a position in the underlying spot foreign currency. The act of exercising the foreign currency option and taking the subsequent underlying position in the foreign currency spot market is known as "assignment" or being "assigned" a spot position.

The only initial financial obligation of the foreign currency option buyer is to pay the premium to the seller up front when the foreign currency option is initially purchased. Once the premium is paid, the foreign currency option holder has no other financial obligation (no margin is required) until the foreign currency option is either offset or expires.

On the expiration date, the call buyer can exercise his or her right to buy the underlying foreign currency spot position at the foreign currency option's strike price, and a put holder can exercise his or her right to sell the underlying foreign currency spot position at the foreign currency option's strike price. Most foreign currency options are not exercised by the buyer, but instead are offset in the market before expiration.

Foreign currency options expires worthless if, at the time the foreign currency option expires, the strike price is "out-of-the-money." In simplest terms, a foreign currency option is "out-of-the-money" if the underlying foreign currency spot price is lower than a foreign currency call option's strike price, or the underlying foreign currency spot price is higher than a put option's strike price. Once a foreign currency option has expired worthless, the foreign currency option contract itself expires and neither the buyer nor the seller have any further obligation to the other party.

The Forex Option Seller - The foreign currency option seller may also be called the "writer" or "grantor" of a foreign currency option contract. The seller of a foreign currency option is contractually obligated to take the opposite underlying foreign currency spot position if the buyer exercises his right. In return for the premium paid by the buyer, the seller assumes the risk of taking a possible adverse position at a later point in time in the foreign currency spot market.

Initially, the foreign currency option seller collects the premium paid by the foreign currency option buyer (the buyer's funds will immediately be transferred into the seller's foreign currency trading account). The foreign currency option seller must have the funds in his or her account to cover the initial margin requirement. If the markets move in a favorable direction for the seller, the seller will not have to post any more funds for his foreign currency options other than the initial margin requirement. However, if the markets move in an unfavorable direction for the foreign currency options seller, the seller may have to post additional funds to his or her foreign currency trading account to keep the balance in the foreign currency trading account above the maintenance margin requirement.

Just like the buyer, the foreign currency option seller has the choice to either offset (buy back) the foreign currency option contract in the options market prior to expiration, or the seller can choose to hold the foreign currency option contract until expiration. If the foreign currency options seller holds the contract until expiration, one of two scenarios will occur: (1) the seller will take the opposite underlying foreign currency spot position if the buyer exercises the option or (2) the seller will simply let the foreign currency option expire worthless (keeping the entire premium) if the strike price is out-of-the-money.

Please note that "puts" and "calls" are separate foreign currency options contracts and are NOT the opposite side of the same transaction. For every put buyer there is a put seller, and for every call buyer there is a call seller. The foreign currency options buyer pays a premium to the foreign currency options seller in every option transaction.

Forex Call Option - A foreign exchange call option gives the foreign exchange options buyer the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a specific foreign exchange spot contract (the underlying) at a specific price (the strike price) on or before a specific date (the expiration date). The amount the foreign exchange option buyer pays to the foreign exchange option seller for the foreign exchange option contract rights is called the option "premium."

Please note that "puts" and "calls" are separate foreign exchange options contracts and are NOT the opposite side of the same transaction. For every foreign exchange put buyer there is a foreign exchange put seller, and for every foreign exchange call buyer there is a foreign exchange call seller. The foreign exchange options buyer pays a premium to the foreign exchange options seller in every option transaction.

The Forex Put Option - A foreign exchange put option gives the foreign exchange options buyer the right, but not the obligation, to sell a specific foreign exchange spot contract (the underlying) at a specific price (the strike price) on or before a specific date (the expiration date). The amount the foreign exchange option buyer pays to the foreign exchange option seller for the foreign exchange option contract rights is called the option "premium."

Please note that "puts" and "calls" are separate foreign exchange options contracts and are NOT the opposite side of the same transaction. For every foreign exchange put buyer there is a foreign exchange put seller, and for every foreign exchange call buyer there is a foreign exchange call seller. The foreign exchange options buyer pays a premium to the foreign exchange options seller in every option transaction.

Plain Vanilla Forex Options - Plain vanilla options generally refer to standard put and call option contracts traded through an exchange (however, in the case of forex option trading, plain vanilla options would refer to the standard, generic forex option contracts that are traded through an over-the-counter (OTC) forex options dealer or clearinghouse). In simplest terms, vanilla forex options would be defined as the buying or selling of a standard forex call option contract or a forex put option contract.

Exotic Forex Options - To understand what makes an exotic forex option "exotic," you must first understand what makes a forex option "non-vanilla." Plain vanilla forex options have a definitive expiration structure, payout structure and payout amount. Exotic forex option contracts may have a change in one or all of the above features of a vanilla forex option. It is important to note that exotic options, since they are often tailored to a specific's investor's needs by an exotic forex options broker, are generally not very liquid, if at all.

Intrinsic & Extrinsic Value - The price of an FX option is calculated into two separate parts, the intrinsic value and the extrinsic (time) value.

The intrinsic value of an FX option is defined as the difference between the strike price and the underlying FX spot contract rate (American Style Options) or the FX forward rate (European Style Options). The intrinsic value represents the actual value of the FX option if exercised. Please note that the intrinsic value must be zero (0) or above - if an FX option has no intrinsic value, then the FX option is simply referred to as having no (or zero) intrinsic value (the intrinsic value is never represented as a negative number). An FX option with no intrinsic value is considered "out-of-the-money," an FX option having intrinsic value is considered "in-the-money," and an FX option with a strike price at, or very close to, the underlying FX spot rate is considered "at-the-money."

The extrinsic value of an FX option is commonly referred to as the "time" value and is defined as the value of an FX option beyond the intrinsic value. A number of factors contribute to the calculation of the extrinsic value including, but not limited to, the volatility of the two spot currencies involved, the time left until expiration, the riskless interest rate of both currencies, the spot price of both currencies and the strike price of the FX option. It is important to note that the extrinsic value of FX options erodes as its expiration nears. An FX option with 60 days left to expiration will be worth more than the same FX option that has only 30 days left to expiration. Because there is more time for the underlying FX spot price to possibly move in a favorable direction, FX options sellers demand (and FX options buyers are willing to pay) a larger premium for the extra amount of time.

Volatility - Volatility is considered the most important factor when pricing forex options and it measures movements in the price of the underlying. High volatility increases the probability that the forex option could expire in-the-money and increases the risk to the forex option seller who, in turn, can demand a larger premium. An increase in volatility causes an increase in the price of both call and put options.

Delta - The delta of a forex option is defined as the change in price of a forex option relative to a change in the underlying forex spot rate. A change in a forex option's delta can be influenced by a change in the underlying forex spot rate, a change in volatility, a change in the riskless interest rate of the underlying spot currencies or simply by the passage of time (nearing of the expiration date).

The delta must always be calculated in a range of zero to one (0-1.0). Generally, the delta of a deep out-of-the-money forex option will be closer to zero, the delta of an at-the-money forex option will be near .5 (the probability of exercise is near 50%) and the delta of deep in-the-money forex options will be closer to 1.0. In simplest terms, the closer a forex option's strike price is relative to the underlying spot forex rate, the higher the delta because it is more sensitive to a change in the underlying rate.

John Nobile - Senior Account Executive
CFOS/FX - Online Forex Spot and Options Brokerage

Advantages of Trading FOREX Over Stocks and Commodities

There are many advantages to Trading FOREX as your main income generator. Let’s start by something that may be worrying you already.

“Do I need a Diploma or some kind of Certification to trade FOREX?” The answer is this:

When attempting to make more profit than losses on the
fluctuation of exchange rates between major currencies
(i.e., Trading the FOREX), nobody is going to ask you for a
diploma, a formal license or verify the amount of hours
you've spent studying the Foreign exchange market and
banking industry. All you need is the proper training.

But this is not the only advantage you get when trading FOREX, compared to other ways of investment and speculation; i.e. Stocks and Commodities. You have a whole bunch of advantages over these other options that will be enumerated in the following paragraphs.

The Main Benefits of Trading the FX Spot Market:

1): FOREX is the largest financial market in the world.

With a daily trading volume of over $1.5 trillion, the spot
FOREX market can absorb trading sizes that dwarf the
capacity of any other market. In fact, when compared with
the $50 billion daily market for equities or the $30 billion
futures market, it becomes quickly apparent this gives you,
and millions of other FOREX traders, almost infinite trading
liquidity and flexibility.

2): FOREX is a TRUE 24-hour market.

The FOREX Market never sleeps. Trading positions can be
entered and exited at any moment - around the globe, around
the clock, six days a week. There is no waiting for an
opening bell as in the case of trading stocks. It is a 24-
hour, continuous electronic (ONLINE) currency exchange that
never closes. This is very desirable for you if you want to
trade on a part-time basis, because you can choose when you
want to trade: morning, noon or night.

3): There is never a Bear Market in FOREX.

You can have access to a seamless, mutually-inclusive (two-
way) exchange of currencies. Meaning, because currencies
trade in "pairs" (for example, US dollar vs. yen or US
dollar vs. Swiss franc), one side of every currency pair
(for example, USD/JPY - JPY = YEN) is constantly moving in
relation to the other. Thus, when you buy a particular
currency, you are actually simultaneously selling the other
currency in that particular pair. As the market moves, one
of the currencies will increase in value versus the other.
Of course, it is up to you to choose the correct currency to
be long or short. Since currency trading always involves
buying one currency and selling another, there is no
structural bias to the market. This means you have equal
potential to profit in both a rising or falling market.

4): High Leverage - up to 200:1 Leverage.

You are permitted to trade foreign currencies on a highly
leveraged basis - up to 200 times your investment with some
brokers. This is primarily attributed to the higher levels
of liquidity within the currency markets. Standard 100,000-
unit currency lots can be traded with as little as 1%
margin, or $1,000. Mini FX accounts are permitted to trade
with just 0.5% margin -- in other words, just $50 allows you
to control a 10,000-unit currency position. Futures traders,
who are accustomed to margin requirements generally equal to
5%-8% of the contract value, will immediately recognize that
the FOREX market provides much greater leverage, and for
stock traders, who must post at least 50% margin, there’s no
comparison. If you are looking for an efficient use of
trading capital, this is it!

5): Price Movements Are Highly Predictable.

Although currency prices in the FX market may be volatile,
they generally repeat themselves in relatively predictable
cycles, creating trends. The strong trends that foreign
currencies develop are a significant advantage for traders
who use the correct "technical" methods.

Unlike stocks, currencies rarely spend much time in tight
trading ranges and have the tendency to develop strong
trends. Over 80% of volume is speculative in nature and, as
a result, the market frequently overshoots and then corrects
itself. As a technically-trained trader, you can easily
identify new trends and breakouts, which provide for
multiple opportunities to enter and exit positions.

6:) Commission-free Trading and Low Transaction Cost

When you trade FOREX, through one of our recommended brokers
(this info is in our private resources section), you'll do
it totally commission-free! These brokers don't charge
commissions to trade or to maintain an account, and that
goes for all clients trading the FOREX through them,
regardless of your account balance or trading volume. Even
Mini FX traders can buy and sell currencies online,

What about trading fees? There are none of the usual fees to
which futures and equity traders are accustomed -- no
exchange or clearing fees, no N_F_A or S_E_C fees. Because
currencies trade over-the-counter (OTC), via a global
electronic network -- in FOREX, what you see is what you
get, allowing you to make quick decisions on your trades
without having to worry or account for fees that may affect
your profit/loss or slippage.

In the equities markets, you must pay both a commission and
exchange fees. The over-the-counter structure of the FX
market eliminates exchange and clearing fees, which in turn
lowers transaction costs.

So, if FOREX broker don't charge commissions, how do they
make money? Like all traded financial products, over-the-
counter currency trading involves a bid/ask spread, which
represents the prices at which your counterparty is willing
to trade. Because the currency market offers round-the-clock
liquidity, you receive tight, competitive spreads both
intra-day and night. Stock traders can be more vulnerable to
liquidity risk and typically receive wider trading spreads,
especially during after-hours trading.

7): Instantaneous Order Execution and Market Transparency.

Market transparency is highly desired in any trading
environment. The greater the market transparency, the more
efficient the market becomes. Unlike other markets where
transparency is compromised (like in the Enron scandal),
FOREX markets are highly transparent (i.e., analyzing
countries, and having access to real-time research / news,
is easier than companies).

Because of this transparency, as an FX trader, you will be
able to exercise risk management strategies in accordance to
the fundamental and technical indicators we teach at

The FX market offers the highest level of market
transparency out of all the financial markets. Because of
this, order execution and fill confirmation usually occur in
just 1-2 seconds. Markets that do not offer executable
prices and force traders to absorb slippage obviously
compromise the trader's profit potential considerably.

In the forex world, order execution is all-electronic and
because you'll be trading via an Internet-based platform,
instantaneous execution is routine. There are no exchanges,
no traditional open-outcry pits, no floor brokers, and
consequently, no delays.

Omar Vargas
Forex trader and freelance writer

Forex2u Forex Strategy On Successful Forex Trading

The essence of the FX2u Forex strategy is that it does not have any Forex trading system but could forecast the market trend accurately.

Every set of Forex trading system available has its disadvantages. The market trend could not be forecasted. If the market could be forecasted, by depending on the RSI, PAR, MOM analysis techniques and some other theories, Forex traders could easily make a fortune.

Many Forex traders could not obtain the anticipated outcome by using these analysis tools, and suffer huge losses. The main reason is relying on some imperfect tools to forecast the unpredictable market trend is just a waste of effort. Therefore the FX2u Forex strategy spirit is to abolish the entire subjective analysis tool.

To survive in the market is to follow the market trend, following the market trend is the essence of the FX2u Forex strategy. By using the opposite theory to enter the market, will only lead to lost. The reason is that if the market rises, it may continue to rise. If the market drops, it may continue to drop. No one is able to forecast when the market trend will stop.

By following the market trend, the market risk could be reduce to the lowest, the FX2u Forex strategy will advance the following the ten principles:

fully understand the how market function and the market trend, else don’t trade

After entering the market, the Forex trader MUST immediately put a market stop.

If the stop order has been hit it MUST be executed immediately, NEVER make changes by lowering the stop order price.

If the forecast is wrong, Forex traders should leave the market immediately, then analyze again.

If the forecast is wrong, Forex traders should stop loss and should not increase trading.

Forex traders should admit mistakes, do not continuously make mistakes.

All analysis tools are imperfect, mistakes could always occur.

If the market rises Forex traders should buy, if the market drops Forex traders should sell, always follow the market trend.

Forex traders should not forecast the market price because such forecast will not be as easy as forecasting the market trend.

If the forecast is wrong, once the loss reach 10%, Forex traders must stop loss immediately, do not let it surpasses 10%, otherwise it would be difficult to recoup the capital again.

A Short Introduction To FOREX

FOREX is the world’s largest and most liquid trading market. Many consider FOREX as the best home business you can ever venture in. Even though regular people have had the opportunity to take part in trading foreign currencies for profit (in the same way banks and large corporations do) since 1998, it is just now becoming the cool, hip, new "thing" to talk about at parties, business events, and other social gatherings.

Even though it has been somewhat of a loosely guarded secret, every day more and more investors are turning to the all-electronic world of FOREX trading for income and profit because of its numerous benefits & advantages over traditional trading vehicles, like stocks, bonds and commodities.

But, still, whenever something seems new or is just becoming a part of social conversation, news articles, and water cooler gossip, misconceptions have to be overcome, the mind
has to be open and the slate has to be clear for starting out fresh with the CORRECT information.

So, in this article, it is my attempt to give you some solid, but not over-detailed, information on just what the heck "FX" (FOREX) means, what it is, and why it exists.

As a successful trader said, Trading FOREX is like picking money up off the floor. Not trading FOREX is like leaving it there for someone else to pick up." Others in the industry
have also said, Trading FOREX is like having an ATM machine on your own computer.

Here's an explanation (one I feel you'll appreciate) of what FOREX is and how a bunch of traders, profit from it:

The Foreign Exchange Market, also referred to the "FOREX" or "FX" market, is the spot (cash) market for currency.

But, don't mistake FX as trading the futures market, where you buy a contract to purchase a particular currency at a future price in time.

What FX traders do is much less risky than trading currencies on the futures market, much more profitable, and a lot easier, than trading stocks.

So, you're probably wondering where it's at ... or ... how to access the FX market?

The answer is: FX Trading is not bound to any one trading floor and is not centralized on an exchange, as with the stock and futures markets. The FX market is considered an Over-the-Counter (OTC) or 'Interbank' market, due to the fact that the entire market is run electronically, within a network of banks, continuously over a 24-hour period.

Yes, if that's the first time you've heard about an all-electronic market, I know this may sound somewhat intriguing to you.

Here's what you are actually trading when you participate in the Foreign Exchange (FOREX) market:

Essentially, like the large banks who use the FX market to protect themselves from the fluctuating exchange rate of different currencies, as an investor, what a FX trader is doing is
simultaneously exchanging one countries currency for another. So, in actuality, they're electronically trading a currency-pair and the price that is quoted to us is the exchange rate
between the two currencies.

In other words, simply the quoted price is how many of the one currency is worth 1 of the other currency.


EUR/USD last trade 1.2850 - One Euro is worth $1.2850 US dollars.The first currency (in this example, the EURO) is referred to as the base currency and the second (/USD) as the counter or quote currency.

The FOREX has a DAILY trading volume of around $1.5 trillion dollars - 30 times larger than the combined volume of all U.S. equity markets. This means that 1,498,574 skilled traders could each take 1 million dollars out of the FOREX market every day and the FOREX would still have more money left than the New York Stock exchange every day!

The FOREX plays a vital role in the world economy and there will always be a tremendous need for the FOREX. International trade increases as technology and communication increases. As long as there is international trade, there will be a FOREX market. The FX market has to exist so a country like Japan can sell products in the United States and be able to receive Japanese Yen in exchange for US Dollar.

There's plenty of money to be made using FOREX for plenty of traders that use the right trading techniques / tactics that will allow them to profit immensely. And, with only 5% of the daily turnover of volume coming from banks, government and large corporations who need to hedge, the other 95% is for speculation and profit.

Omar Vargas; Forex trader and freelance writer.

FOREX 101: Make Money with Currency Trading

For those unfamiliar with the term, FOREX (FOReign EXchange market), refers to an international exchange market where currencies are bought and sold. The Foreign Exchange Market that we see today began in the 1970's, when free exchange rates and floating currencies were introduced. In such an environment only participants in the market determine the price of one currency against another, based upon supply and demand for that currency.

FOREX is a somewhat unique market for a number of reasons. Firstly, it is one of the few markets in which it can be said with very few qualifications that it is free of external controls and that it cannot be manipulated. It is also the largest liquid financial market, with trade reaching between 1 and 1.5 trillion US dollars a day. With this much money moving this fast, it is clear why a single investor would find it near impossible to significantly affect the price of a major currency. Furthermore, the liquidity of the market means that unlike some rarely traded stock, traders are able to open and close positions within a few seconds as there are always willing buyers and sellers.

Another somewhat unique characteristic of the FOREX money market is the variance of its participants. Investors find a number of reasons for entering the market, some as longer term hedge investors, while others utilize massive credit lines to seek large short term gains. Interestingly, unlike blue-chip stocks, which are usually most attractive only to the long term investor, the combination of rather constant but small daily fluctuations in currency prices, create an environment which attracts investors with a broad range of strategies.

How FOREX Works

Transactions in foreign currencies are not centralized on an exchange, unlike say the NYSE, and thus take place all over the world via telecommunications. Trade is open 24 hours a day from Sunday afternoon until Friday afternoon (00:00 GMT on Monday to 10:00 pm GMT on Friday). In almost every time zone around the world, there are dealers who will quote all major currencies. After deciding what currency the investor would like to purchase, he or she does so via one of these dealers (some of which can be found online). It is quite common practice for investors to speculate on currency prices by getting a credit line (which are available to those with capital as small as $500), and vastly increase their potential gains and losses. This is called marginal trading.

Marginal Trading

Marginal trading is simply the term used for trading with borrowed capital. It is appealing because of the fact that in FOREX investments can be made without a real money supply. This allows investors to invest much more money with fewer money transfer costs, and open bigger positions with a much smaller amount of actual capital. Thus, one can conduct relatively large transactions, very quickly and cheaply, with a small amount of initial capital. Marginal trading in an exchange market is quantified in lots. The term "lot" refers to approximately $100,000, an amount which can be obtained by putting up as little as 0.5% or $500.

EXAMPLE: You believe that signals in the market are indicating that the British Pound will go up against the US Dollar. You open 1 lot for buying the Pound with a 1% margin at the price of 1.49889 and wait for the exchange rate to climb. At some point in the future, your predictions come true and you decide to sell. You close the position at 1.5050 and earn 61 pips or about $405. Thus, on an initial capital investment of $1,000, you have made over 40% in profits. (Just as an example of how exchange rates change in the course of a day, an average daily change of the Euro (in Dollars) is about 70 to 100 pips.)

When you decide to close a position, the deposit sum that you originally made is returned to you and a calculation of your profits or losses is done. This profit or loss is then credited to your account.

Investment Strategies: Technical Analysis and Fundamental Analysis

The two fundamental strategies in investing in FOREX are Technical Analysis or Fundamental Analysis. Most small and medium sized investors in financial markets use Technical Analysis. This technique stems from the assumption that all information about the market and a particular currency's future fluctuations is found in the price chain. That is to say, that all factors which have an effect on the price have already been considered by the market and are thus reflected in the price. Essentially then, what this type of investor does is base his/her investments upon three fundamental suppositions. These are: that the movement of the market considers all factors, that the movement of prices is purposeful and directly tied to these events, and that history repeats itself. Someone utilizing technical analysis looks at the highest and lowest prices of a currency, the prices of opening and closing, and the volume of transactions. This investor does not try to outsmart the market, or even predict major long term trends, but simply looks at what has happened to that currency in the recent past, and predicts that the small fluctuations will generally continue just as they have before.

A Fundamental Analysis is one which analyzes the current situations in the country of the currency, including such things as its economy, its political situation, and other related rumors. By the numbers, a country's economy depends on a number of quantifiable measurements such as its Central Bank's interest rate, the national unemployment level, tax policy and the rate of inflation. An investor can also anticipate that less quantifiable occurrences, such as political unrest or transition will also have an effect on the market. Before basing all predictions on the factors alone, however, it is important to remember that investors must also keep in mind the expectations and anticipations of market participants. For just as in any stock market, the value of a currency is also based in large part on perceptions of and anticipations about that currency, not solely on its reality.

Make Money with Currency Trading on FOREX

FOREX investing is one of the most potentially rewarding types of investments available. While certainly the risk is great, the ability to conduct marginal trading on FOREX means that potential profits are enormous relative to initial capital investments. Another benefit of FOREX is that its size prevents almost all attempts by others to influence the market for their own gain. So that when investing in foreign currency markets one can feel quite confident that the investment he or she is making has the same opportunity for profit as other investors throughout the world. While investing in FOREX short term requires a certain degree of diligence, investors who utilize a technical analysis can feel relatively confident that their own ability to read the daily fluctuations of the currency market are sufficiently adequate to give them the knowledge necessary to make informed investments.

Rich McIver is a contributing writer for The Forex Blog: Currency Trading News ( ).